ISO 9001 : 2008 Certified Company


VESSELS

Column Components | Couplings | Glass Joint | Heat Exchangers | Measurement & Control | Pipeline Components | Rotary Film Evaporator | Sight Glasses | Stirrers | Structure & Supports | Typical Units | Valves | Vessels

VESSELS

In most of glass plants, vessels are used as reactors, receivers, separators and measuring of feed vessels.

Vessels are available in spherical shape from 5 to 200 litre and in cylindrical shape from 5 to 300 litre capacity. Cylindrical vessels can be supplied with metal/glass jackets also.

All vessels are provided with a bottom outlet for which a suitable valve can be selected from range of valves.

STIRRERS

A variety of stirrers and stirrer drives are available to use glass vessels as agitated reaction equipment.

Norminal capacity (Ltrs)
Bulb cap. (Ltrs)
Working cap. (Ltrs)
Maximum Pressure (Bar)
5
5
4
1
10
10
9
0.7
20
21
20
0.6
50
62
58
0.4
100
118
111
0.3
200
212
200
0.2

 

 

 

Nominal capacity (Ltrs)
L
D
DN
T
DN1
B
DN2
P
DN3
S
5
420
215
40
85
25
125
25
50
40
75
10
500
275
40
100
25
125
25
50
40
75
20
575
350
80
100
25
125
25
50
40
75
50
825
500
100
150
40
175
40
75
100
100
100
925
600
150
150
40
175
40
75
100
100
200
1175
750
225
250
40
175
40
75
100
100

SINGLE NECK SPHERICAL VESSELS

 

 

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
VSA5
5L
300
40
VSA10
10L
375
40
VSA20
20L
450
80
VSA50
50L
650
100
VSA100
100L
750
150
VSA200
200L
1000
225

 

THREE NECK BOTTOM OUTLET SPHERICAL VESSELS

.

 

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
DN2
VSM5
5L
425
40
25
25
VSM10
10L
500
40
25
25
VSM20
20L
575
80
25
25
VSM50
50L
825
100
40
40
VSM100
100L
925
150
40
40
VSM200
200L
1175
225
40
40

 

FOUR NECK BOTTOM OUTLET SPHERICAL VESSELS

 

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
DN2
DN3
VSPL5
5L
425
40
25
25
40
VSPL10
10L
500
40
25
25
40
VSPL20
20L
575
80
25
25
40
VSPL50
50L
825
100
40
40
100
VSPL100
100L
925
150
40
40
100
VSPL200
200L
1175
225
40
40
100

 

FIVE NECK BOTTOM OUTLET SPHERICAL VESSEL

 

 

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
DN2
DN3
VSL5
5L
425
40
25
25
40
VSL10
10L
500
40
25
25
40
VSL20
20L
575
80
25
25
40
VSL50
50L
825
100
40
40
100
VSL100*
100L
925
150
40
40
100
VSL200*
200L
1175
225
40
40
100

 

FIVE NECK BOTTOM OUTLET SPHERICAL VESSEL

 

 

 

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
DN2
DN3
VSL5
5L
425
40
25
25
40
VSL10
10L
500
40
25
25
40
VSL20
20L
575
80
25
25
40
VSL50
50L
825
100
40
40
100
VSL100*
100L
925
150
40
40
100
VSL200*
200L
1175
225
40
40
100

SPHERICAL VESSELS WITH NOZZLE AT 90º

These vessels are used in circulatory boiler system and are to be supported a vessel holder. More nozzles can be provided on the equator on request for special requirements.

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
DN2
DN3
VSD5
5L
375
40
25
25
50
VSD10
10L
450
40
25
25
50
VSD20
20L
525
80
25
25
50
VSD50
50L
725
100
40
40
80
VSD100
100L
825
150
40
40
80
VSD200
200L
1075
225
40
40
150

 

SPHERICAL CYCLONES

Cyclones can be used for the separation of droplets and solids from gases and vapors. Cyclones are to be supported on a vessel holder. A dip pipe should be used on the top neck.

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
DN2
DN3
VSCY5
5L
375
40
25
25
40
VSCY10
10L
450
40
25
25
40
VSCY20
20L
525
80
25
25
50
VSCY50
50L
725
100
40
40
50

 

SPHERICAL RECEIVERS

Receivers are provided with built-in drip pipe. These are to be supported on a vessel holding ring.

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
(45)
DN2

(45)
DN3

VR5*
5L
350
25
25
25
VR10*
10L
425
25
25
25
VR20*
20L
500
25
25
25
VRB5
5L
350
25
25
25
25
VRB10
10L
425
25
25
25
25
VRB20
20L
500
25
25
25
25
ADDITION VESSELS

These vessels are provided with a short bottom outlet. These should be supported on a vessel holder/ holding ring.

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
Va5
5L
375
40
25
VA10*
10L
450
40
25
VA20
20L
525
80
25
VA50
50L
725
100
40
VA100
100L
825
150
40
VA200
200L
1075
225
40

 

SPHERICAL VESSELS WITH WIDE BOTTOM OUTLET

These vessels are generally used to fit immersion exchangers in the bottom. Special heating mantle or bath should be used if used with.

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
DN
DN1
DN2
DN3
VSR50
50L
800
100
150
40
100
VSR100
100L
900
150
150
40
100
VSR200
200L
1150
225
150
40
100
VSE50
50L
850
100
225
40
100
VSE100
100L
950
150
225
40
100
VSE200
200L
1200
225
225
40
100

 

VESSELS WITH BOTTOM OUTLET VALVE SEAT

To fit bottom outlet valve (BAL type) all spherical and cylindrical vessels can be supplied with valve seat in bottom outlet. For this Add a suffix “/B” to the catalogue reference of a vessel, for e.g. ‘VSL50’ should be mentioned as ‘VSL50/B’


Notes on use of Spherical vessels .

1. Generally, the center nozzle, referred as DN in all types of vessels is used for either stirrer fixing or if stirrer is not fixed for vapour  outlet.
2. The bottom outlet, referred as DN1 in all types, is used for drain. However in type VSR & VSE, it is also used for fixing immersion  heat exchanger.
3. The small side nozzles, referred as DN2 in all types are used
   a) to fix thermometer pocket or,
   b) to fix dip pope for liquid inlet or,
   c) to fix sparger for gas purging or,
   d) to fix vacuum control or vent valve or,
   e) for soild addition.
4. The bigger side nozzle, referred as DN3, is used for vapour outlet where stirrer is fixed on center neck. It can also be used for  cleaning etc in case center neck is used for vapour outlet.
5. Vessels having long bottom outlet, viz VSM, VSPL, VSL, VS etc, can be supported in a heating mantle of heating bath. However  vessels having short bottom outlet viz VSD, VSCY, VR, VA etc. are to be supported on a vessel holder only. In case of vessels  upto 20L size vessel holding rings can be used instead vessel holder.

 

CYLINDRICAL VESSELS

 

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
DN
DN1
L
L1
VZ5/4*
5L
100
25
700
60
VZ10/6*
10L
150
25
700
60
VZ20/9*
20L
225
25
750
60
VZ50/12*
50L
300
40
1000
65
VZ100/18
100L
450
40
900
65
VZ150/16
150L
400
40
1400
65
VZ200/18
200L
450
40
1500
65
VZ300/24
300L
600
50
1300
65
Cylindrical vessels of 50 Litres and above must supported in a vessel holder.

Other accessories like stirrers, baths, vessel holders etc, for cylindrical vessels can be supplied to special orders..

CYLINDRICAL VESSELS COVERS

Cat. Ref.
DN
DN1
DN2
L
VZA4*
100
-
2x25
200
VZA6*
150
-
2x40
200
VZA9*
225
50
3x25
250
VZA12*
300
80
3x40
250
VZA16
400
100
3x40
275
VZA18
450
100
4x40
275
VZA24
600
100
4x40
300

 

KETTLES

Kettles are similar to cylindrical vessels but having a reduced top neck

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
DN
DN1
L
L1
d
KZ200
200L
300
40
1400
65
485
KZ350
350L
400
50
1500
65
620

 

JACKETTED VESSELS

For specials applications, cylindrical vessels can be supplied with a jacket for heating or cooling. Jacket is sealed to the vessel with Viton ‘O’ ring and other sealing compositions. The seal prevents impermissible high stresses between vessel and jacket and allows the movement which comes due to thermal expansion.


Glass Jackets

Glass Jacket can be used in a maximum operating pressure of 0.5 bar and a maximum operation temperature of 150ºC.

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
DN
DN1
d
L
J
VZD5/4
5L
100
25
150
700
550
VZD10/6
10L
150
25
225
700
550
VZD20/9
20L
225
25
300
750
600
VZD50/12
50L
300
40
400
1000
850

Metal jackets

These vessels can also be supplied with metal jackets. Metal Jacket can be used in a maximum operating pressure of 2.0 bar and a maximum operation temperature of 150ºC.

Cat. Ref.
Nominal capacity
DN
DN1
d
L
J
VZJ5/4
5L
100
25
138
700
550
VZJ10/6*
10L
150
25
188
700
550
VZJ20/9
20L
225
25
262
750
600
VZJ50/12
50L
300
40
345
1000
850

 

DIP PIPES

Dip pipes are used as liquid inlet for spherical vessels.

Cat. Ref.
For Vessel
DN
DN1
d
L
L1
DP20/1*
20L
25
25
12
300
100
DP50/1.5*
50L
40
25
19
400
100
DP100/1.5*
100L
40
25
19
500
100
DP200/1.5*
200L
40
25
19
600
100

SHORT DIP PIPES

Short dip pipes are used as re-entry tubes for vessels heat exchangers etc.
Cat. Ref.
DN
DN1
d
L
L1
DP1/1*
25
25
12
100
100
DP1.5/1*
40
25
19
100
100
DP1.5/1.5
40
40
19
100
100
DP2/1
50
25
25
100
100
DP2/1.5
50
40
25
100
100
DP3/1.5
80
40
37
100
125
DP4/1
100
25
25
100
150
DP4/2
100
50
50
100
150
GAS SPARGERS

Gas spargers are used for gas feed/sparging in the vessels.

Cat. Ref.
For Vessel
DN
DN1
d
L
L1
No.of Holes
SPG20/1
20L
25
25
12
300
100
5x1mm
SPG50/1.5
50L
40
25
19
400
100
5x1mm
SPG100/1.5
100L
40
25
19
500
100
5x1mm
SPG200/1.5
200L
40
25
19
600
100
5x1mm

 

THERMOMETER POCKETS
Cat. Ref.
For Vessel
DN
d
L
L1
TP20/1*
20L
25
12
300
50
TP50/1.5*
50L
40
19
400
50
TP100/1.5*
100L
40
19
500
50
TP200/1.5*
200L
40
19
600
50

 

HEATING MANTLES

Heating mantles are used for the electrical heating of spherical vessels. Heating elements are divided are divided into 3 zones which can be switched on separately according to the liquid level. Heating elements are fixed in a MS body lagged with glass wool to reduce heat losses. Elements are further covered with Knitted glass yarn cover to avoid heat spots. All the mantles are non-flameproof type and have opening for bottom outlet of vessels.

Cat.Ref.
Vessel Size
D
L
Watts
Circuits
Supply Volts
JMD20
20L
470
245
3x500
3
230
JMD50*
50L
610
305
6x600
3
230
JMD100
100L
715
360
6x900
3
440
JMD200
200L
890
450
9x900
3
440

HEATING BATHS

Heating baths are used for electrical or steam heating of glass vessels. Depending upon the temperature requirements, different types of thermic fluids or water can be used as heating media. Heating baths are provided with a pair of encased heaters with controller box, a coil for passing the steam or cooling water, acushioned vessel holding ring, a bottom outlet sealing arrangement, a lid and threaded socket type inlets and outlets.

Cat.Ref.
Vessel Size
d
L
Watts
HTA Vessel
HTA Coils
SBH20
20L
480
340
2x1500
0.25
0.4
SBH50*
50L
615
415
2x2000
0.5
0.6
SBH100
100L
720
535
2x3000
0.7
1
SBH200
200L
900
620
2x4000
1
1.5

COOLING BATHS

Cooling baths are used for cooling the glass vessel with ice crystals. Cooling baths are provided with a vessel holding ring, bottom outlet sealing arrangement and a lid.

Cat.Ref. Size
Vessel
d
L
BHC20
20L
480
340
BHC50
50L
615
415
BHC100
100L
720
535
BHC200
200L
900
620

VESSEL HOLDERS

Vessel holders are made of cast aluminium with a plaster lining shaped to fit the vessel. These are to be supported on 3 jacking bolts.

Cat.Ref.
Vessel Size
D
d
L
VSS20*
20L
325
230
100
VSS50*
50L
390
230
100
VSS100
100L
410
250
100
VSS200
200L
700
400
215

 

DECANTORS

Decantation is a process of separation of two immiscible liquids having different densities. When these liquids allowed to settle forms two distinct layers heavier at bottom and lighter at top. Shiva has developed a Decantor which is suitable for continuous decantation. The mixture of liquids is continuously fed in the Decantor at low velocity. This allow sufficient residence time for the formation of separate layers. The light phase liquid is continuously removed from the light phase outlet at the top. The heavy phase liquid enters the dip pipe at lower end and overflow in the discharge pipe and is removed from the bottom.

Shiva's Decantor provides continuous separation, visual monitoring, and ensure separation even after feed is stopped.

Decantors can be provided with Adjustable overflow valve, (Type B) to adjust the position of interface for different operating situations.

Cat.Ref.
Nominal capacity
L
L1
L2
L3
L4
DN
Intel DN1
DN2
Heavy Phase Outlet DN3
Drain DN4
Light hase Vent DN5
DN6
DN7
TYPE
SPS20
20L
800
125
525
150
80
25
50
25
25
25
25
50
A
SPS50
50L
1025
150
725
150
100
40
50
25
25
40
40
50
A
SPS100
100L
1175
200
825
150
150
40
50
25
25
40
40
50
A
SPS200
200L
1475
250
1075
150
225
40
50
25
25
40
40
50
A
SPA20
20L
1000
125
525
150
200
80
25
50
25
25
25
25
50
B
SPA50
50L
1225
150
725
150
200
100
40
50
25
25
40
40
80
B
SPA100
100L
1375
200
825
150
200
150
40
50
25
25
40
40
80
B
SPA200
200L
1675
250
1075
150
200
225
40
50
25
25
40
40
80
B

Dacantors can also be constructed with horizontal cylindrical vessels (Cat. ref. HPS or HPA) to provide large separating surface.